It is funny when some people are against the existence of climate change( climate deniers), despite witnessing the variable changes in Temperature and Precipitation around them.
The outbreak of diseases such as vector born (malaria), particularly in areas where the life cycle of mosquitoes and its plasmodium were difficult to survive for long. That is where the health effects of climate change come in (go through the health data of your area and compare the number of malaria cases recorded by your health officials)
The ocean as a victim of climate Change
30% of annual anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide(CO2) are absorbed by the ocean. This increase alters the carbonate chemistry by decreasing the PH level of the ocean, thereby affecting its acidic level.
This change in ocean acidification affects the ecosystem, as the calcium carbonate(CaCO3) in sea organisms will be eroded, leaving the key species with little or no CaCO3 to form shells and skeletal material.
This can be the result of the decrease in some sea species and food in the market today [(Cameroon got its name from the Portuguese word Camarões after the discovery of lepidophthalmus turneranus (Cameroon Ghost Shrimp) in abundance in river Wouri by a Portuguese explorer. But today, they have drastically reduced)]
The more our ocean becomes acidic due to increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, the more seafood which is the primary source of protein for coastal populations, especially those in developing countries becomes a problem.
Developing countries as victims
Developing countries are facing the greatest impacts as they are often heavily dependent on climate-sensitive economic sectors, such as rain-fed agricultural activities or low-yielding smallholder agriculture. Thus, these countries are highly vulnerable to climatic variability and extreme weather events such as droughts and floods.
Furthermore, the lack of economic diversification, infrastructure, and communication makes developing countries’ economies and livelihoods of their citizens particularly vulnerable to natural shocks and least able to adapt to changes in inter alia temperature, water resources, agriculture production, and human health and biodiversity.
Climate change is real and we are almost out of time to develop the appropriate solutions. If we don’t take action now, those that are more vulnerable will suffer the burden. We must take action at all levels.